Five French trade unions have called for the release of Iranian teacher Mohammad Habibi and other teachers imprisoned in Iran in an open letter to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
“The imprisonment of Mohammad Habibi is a violation of human rights and the fundamental freedoms of unions, and on this basis we want his immediate release,” the French Unions’ letter to Khamenei read.
The International Alliance in Support of Workers in Iran (IASWI) reported that on May 20 a peaceful gathering organized by the Iranian Teachers' Trade Association of Tehran (ITTA-Tehran) was attacked by security forces and undercover agents. Fourteen participants, including Habibi, were arrested. At the time of his arrest, Habibi was on bail from a previous arrest in March.
All of the participants in the May 20 gathering except Habibi were freed one day later. Habibi was transferred to a solitary confinement cell in Tehran's largest prison and has been denied medical attention, according to his family.
His wife, Khadijeh Pakzamir, told Radio Farda that Habibi was beaten up.
“About mid-day, when the children were leaving school, several plainclothesmen, without presenting their IDs, approached my husband, waved an alleged arrest warrant and told him he was under arrest,” Ms. Pakzamir said, describing his earlier arrest in March.
Ms. Pakzamir says she is deeply worried for her husband’s life. Recently, at least six prisoners have died under suspicious circumstances behind bars in Tehran and the city of Arak in central Iran. Authorities claim they committed suicide, a claim the prisoners’ families dispute.
Habibi is currently serving a seven and a half year sentence at the notorious Great Tehran Penitentiary (GTP), in Fashafouyeh. He was convicted of “assembly” and “collusion” against the security of the Islamic Republic. When he is released he will be subject to a two-year travel ban and two years of prohibition from participating in unions and political parties, as well as 74 lashes.
Meanwhile, the Education Ministry has reportedly stopped paying his monthly salary.
The French unions have also sent a copy of their letter to President Hassan Rouhani, the Islamic Republic’s judiciary head Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani, and the Iranian ambassador to France, insisting, “We urgently and unconditionally demand the release of all male and female activists, including Ismail Abdi and Mahmoud Beheshti Langaroudi, all of whom are imprisoned teachers whose activities are limited to teachers union work and defending the legal rights of the wage earners.”
The letter emphasizes that Habibi’s case is just one example of the persecution of private trade unions in Iran.
Citing Habibi’s relatives, the letter noted, “Habibi has been denied urgent medical attention and has been maltreated by the prison authorities.”
Earlier on August 8, the IASWI reported that “According to family members who visited him, Habibi is suffering from deep pains in his chest and sides, due to severe kicks and blows to his body. He also has a large visible bruise on his back, the result of undercover agents dragging him on the asphalt of the street. He needs an immediate scan of the injured areas, but public authorities have not moved him to hospital from prison.”
The French unions, in the meantime, say they hold Ayatollah Khamenei responsible for Mr. Habibi’s health and well-being.
International human rights organizations, including, Amnesty international (AI), the New York based Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), the International Education Organization, and the British Teachers’ Union have widely condemned the Islamic Republic’s increased crackdown on rights and union activists, demanding Tehran immediately free such individuals, especially those whose harsh treatment in captivity has been documented.
The Islamic Republic does not recognize independent trade unions and treats their activists as dissidents directed by “foreign enemies,” which is usually code for the United States.